Rock Engraving Park

A journey through rock art, archeology, medieval castles and nature

 

Located on the territories of the municipalities of Grosio and Grosotto, in the Media Valtellina, the Rock Engravings Park is the most important example of the presence of prehistoric populations in the Valtellina. Outstanding is the Rupe Magna, a large rock that contains more than 5.000 engraved figures from the 4th to the 1st millennium B.C. Next to the two castles, the Castello Vecchio (Old Castle) and the Castello Nuovo (New Castle), even a system of dry-stone terraces, how it is typically for the Valtellina, is surrounding the Castle Hill.

 

La Rupe Magna

The Rupe Magna was discovered in 1966 and is one of the largest engraved rocks in the Alpine range with more than 5.000 figures, dated into the late Neolithic Period (4th-3rd millennium B.C.) to the Bronze Age and the Iron Age (1st millennium B.C.). There are numerous themes represented on the Rupe Magna: geometric figures, anthropomorphic figures in a praying position, armed warriors and animals. Still a mystery are the numerous cup-marks (“Coppelle”)

 

Castello San Faustino and Castello Nuovo

The Castle Hill is dominated by two castles. The Old Castle (Castello San Faustino) was mentioned the first time in a written document in the year of 1150 as "Castrum Groxi“, but archaeological results indicate the construction already for the end of the 10th century. The dominating church spire from Romanesque Period was partly restructured at the end of the 19th century. The first construction-phase of the corresponding small church is dated by archaeological results already into the 7th or 8th century. Most probably built to cover the two medieval tombs cut directly into the rock.

The New Castle (Castello Nuovo) was built between 1350 and 1375
by the famous family Visconti, the lords of Milano. Erected as a stronghold it was perfectly adapted to the strategic needs of the 14th century. It had a double defensive wall, a moat and a solid keep (donjon) in the inner courtyard.

 

Cultural Landscape Heritage

The slopes of the Dosso dei Castelli represent an example of the local tradition in Valtellina to build systems of dry-stonewall terraces for growing wine. The terraces of the Castle Hill of Grosio were most likely built after 1200.  

For further information visit their official website